Finally, Herman's descendants were greedily gulping fruits, nuts, berries, and anything else that came to a paw that was becoming a hand. Why are lotteries and sweepstakes so successful? Sweat shops, unsafe working conditions and destruction of livelihoods are all consequences of people whose personal greed overcame their social consciences.
These three factors led to a greater sense of individualism and a decline in spiritual and intellectual interests in favor of material interests. Unrestrained greed in an individual can lead to callousness, arrogance, and even megalomania.
Excessive speed le to cliff edges and telephone poles. Greed has a strong biological basis.
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They developed sex. Recall Donald Trump and Leona Helmsley: many people cheered their downfalls. Studies show that when people feel lonelier they have higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol. Herman, and its descendants, and their descendants, kept this up for a couple of billion years, greedily grasping for those resources that ensured personal and genetic survival.
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Although for the individual greed a strong desire for wealth is good, the social group that individual belongs to may think greed is bad for rher. The definition of greed is an extreme or excessive desire for resources, especially for property such as money, real estate, or other symbols of wealth. We'll call it Herman.
The rest of the band, observing this subtle interplay of diplomatic reasoning, decided that such selfishness required discussion. In addition, the resources important to humans changed.
However, our complex societies and cultures have altered our reproductive strategies. To reduce the conflict greed could create, societies, through their laws and religions, said that an extreme desire for wealth was harmful to the society since it concentrated too many resources in too few hands.
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For example, excessive drinking le to falling down a lot and hating yourself in the morning. The former Soviet Union provides an example of this: the collective farms provided no individual incentive to strive, and thus produced an insufficient supply of food.
It might be disguised as capitalism, expanding the range of possibilities, or enlightened self-interest, but deep down inside it's greed. Research dating back to the s suggests people with weaker social networks actually die younger due to any cause than people who have more extensive social networks.
Reaching for another apple, Oog suddenly had her protohand slapped. Those that are particularly greedy read, particularly good at getting larger pieces of pies are particularly resented.
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Again, how could a desire for wealth, and thus the things it gets you, be harmful? Oog looked, then back-protohanded Aagh off the branch, took the apple, and scarfed it down.
However, even a society that bans individual greed can suffer. The real problem arose when the population increased and the possible wealth became limited. Self-preservation extends deesire the personal to the public, involving family, friends, and even strangers.
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Remember that greed is a valuable trait for the individual. So it makes sense that studies show having fewer social ties is associated with more heart disease, cancer, and impaired immune function, pfople well as with worse recovery when it comes to those health problems. However, it has an even stronger social basis. What may help our personal survival may help others, who may help us in turn.
The individually owned and run truck farms, however, with the possibility of selling the produce and keeping the proceeds, grew a far greater harvest per acre than the collective farms.
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The answer lies in the fact that humans are social and cultural animals, not just individuals. However, all these things are harmful only to the individual. Every person needs a degree of wealth to survive: you need to buy food, pay the rent, get clothing, transportation, haircuts, cable TV. Eventually, the food was not the end result desired -- the means to the end became the end itself.
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Excessive eating le to bellyaches and obesity. The thing to bear in mind is that "greed is good. The standard of living for the members of societies practicing such materialism deeire them a major advantage over those people and societies that don't. They competed for resources better than others, passed on more of their own genes, and in general became human beings.
How could a desire for wealth be harmful? But society has developed a way to transport current resources into the future for use in that future -- money. Now there were other things, like land to grow food, and money to buy food, and pottery to store food, and methods such as ships and caravans and trading and military conquest to get food. There was only so much land and money and other resources to go around. Thus, there are laws and religious proscriptions against murder to keep people from killing each other and thus weakening the society's ability to support itself and the people in it.
deesire And divisiveness. The former led people to believe that they could know everything, the latter increased what they knew and opened the world to trade.
It goes back to the fact that humans are social and cultural animals, not just individuals.